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Contents : Ficus Deltoidea + Orthosiphon Stamineus + Black Seed + Rozelle + Honey

 

MISAI KUCING : Orthosiphon stamineus, Benth/ Orthosiphon aristatus

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 Misai Kuching is a herbaceous shrub, which grows to a height of 1.5m. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs. There are simple, green,and glabrous with a lanceolate leaf blade and a serrate margin. The leaf apice is acuminate with an acute leaf base. The petiole is relatively short, about 0.3cm in length and reddish purple in color. The stem is quadrangle, reddish in color, erect and branches profusely.

 

The flowers are borne on verticils about 16cm in length. The terminal inflorescence is borne on a maroon pubescent. Bracts are green minute (1-2mm), caudiform in shape and two bracts normally holds a cluster of 5 flowers. The flowers are campanulate in shape, white bluish in color with long farexerted filaments, making the flowers look like cat's whiskers.

 

The flowers are hermaphrodite in nature, about 6.2m in length (including the stamens) with a very irregular flower symmetry. There are two calyx lobes, which are greenish red in color, measuring about 6mm in length and partially gamosepalous. One of the calyx margin is toothed and the other one entire, both covered with minute white hairs.

There are two corolla lobes, which are partially gamopetalous and covered with minute hairs. The corollas are light violet in color with lobes much shorter than the corolla tube. The corollas are bilablade in shape with fringed margins.

The labellum is light violet in color, hairy and pinkish on the under surface. There are 4 stamens which are inserted near the base of the corolla tube. The stamens are unequal in length, measuring from 4.7cm to 5.2cm. There is a single, central, terete style with a clavate stigma. Locally Misai Kucing is used for joint aches and pains due to arthritis, gout and rheumatism. This is due to its ability to promote the excretion of uric acid and metabolic wastes from within the muscles and joints.
 

 Misai Kucing Plant

 

Local Name       : Misai kucing

 

Scientific Name  : Orthosiphon aristatus /stamineus benth

 

Others Name     : Kumis kucing, cat whisker, kabling gubat, remujung, Javatee,Lamiaceae, Orthosiphon Aristatus,

                        Orthosiphonblaetter,Indisher Nierentee, Feuilles de Barbiflore, Java Tea, Kidney Tea, KoemisKoetjing and Yaa Nuat Maeo.

 

Latin name        :  Orthosiphon spicatus

 

Famili                :  Lamiaceae     

 

Article:  

The tropical Orthosiphon aristatus or Misai Kucing is often grown in local gardens for its ornamental flower. Its popularity is due to its diuretic effects without harming the kidneys. It contains ample potassiums to replace those lost from the body in the diuretic process, a problem encountered by many diuretic drugs. Java tea or misai kuching began to interest researchers as early as the beginning of the 20th century when this plant was introduced to europe where it became a popular herbal health tea.

 

                                                            Classification of Misai kucing Plant 

 

Division

Magnoliophyta

Class

Magnoliophyta

Oder

Lamiales

Family

Labiatae@Lamiaceae@Lippenblutengewachse

Genus

Orthosiphon

Species

O. Stamineu

Binomial Name

Orthosiphon stamineus, Benth

Uses

 

Almost all parts of the plant can be used. The healing power of misai kucing plant is because of its great chemical contents for instance cirsimaritin, myoinositol, orthosiphon, pillion, rhamnasin, bmlt oioioldsalvigenin, kerotin, kerotinoid, minyak pati, flavanoid, glukosid, glikoprotein, saponin dan terpenoid. Misai kucing is well-known over the years because its capabalities to Flush the kidneys and urinary tract as it has mild diuretic property,act as a filteration in order to remove the commonest waste products such as urea, or stone in the kidney,replace the potassium lost from the body during urination as it has enough potassium contents,act as the remedy for other diseases such as diabetes, gout, arthritis, rheumatic and kidney stone disease, besides can prevent the formation of kidney stone and infection in urinary tract, arteriosclerosis (capillary and circulatory disorders),reduces the cholesterol level in blood, lower the high blood pressure and relieves spasms of the smooth muscle in the walls of the internal organs, makes it valuable for gallbladder problem.

 

Explanation

Traditional bomohs and sinsehs often use Misai Kucing in formulas for diabetes and hypertension. While little research has been done on the herb's purported benefits in diabetes, the Pharmacy Faculty, Fukuyama University, Japan, has conducted scientific research on its effects on high blood pressure.  The School of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Universiti Sains Malaysia contributes to the scientific research and development of Misai Kucing by conducting the extraction, quality control, standardization, pharmacological and formulation research.


It was found that some of the herb's compounds promoted a continuous decrease in systolic blood pressure by virtue of a vasidolating action, a decrease in cardiac output and diuretic action. In Europe, Misai Kucing is appearing in products where safe diuretic action is required such as in detoxification, water retention, hypertension, weight loss and for kidney stones. Misai Kucing is one of the few herbs approved by the German government for increasing urine volume to help prevent kidney stones.

It is considered specifically in the prevention of uric acid stone formation. Recommended dosage of dried herb in 300-500mg daily which is about 1.5 to 4 grams of fresh leaves. Misai Kucing should not be taken simulteneously with medicines intended to acidify urine as it may netralize this effect.

In summary, the importance of Misai Kucing leaves are as follows :-

  • It is believed to have antiallergic, antihypertensive, antiinflammatory and diuretic properties.

  • It is used as a remedy for arteriosclerosis (capillary and circulatory disorders),ghout,rheumatism, kidney stones, diabetes and nephritis.

     

  • It has mild diuretic action, so it is very useful for flushing the kidneys and urinary tract.

     

  • It contains ample potassiums to replace those lost from the body in the diuretic process, a problem encountered by many diuretic drugs.

     

  •  It is believed to have antiallergic, antihypertensive, antiinflammatory and diuretic properties.

 Click here : The Benefits of Misai Kucing

Chemical constituents in Misai Kucing and their benefits for health:

 

 

 

Active Substance

Pharmacology Actions / Biological Activities

1.

Beta-caryophyllene

Anti-Inflammatory Agents (non-steroidal)
Antibacterial

Anti-inflammatory agents that are not steroids. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions. They are used primarily in the treatment of chronic arthritic conditions and certain soft tissue disorders associated with pain and inflammation.

2.

Alpha-humulene

Antitumor
Antibacterial

Possible inducer of action of antitumor activity.

3.

Caryophyllene epoxide

Fungicidal, Anticholinesterase

Fungicidal - Inhibits the growth of fungus.
Anticholinesterase - inhibits the activity of cholinesterases, including acetylcholinesterase.

4.

Eupatorin

#Antibacterial; Anticarcinomic; Antimalarial; Cytotoxic; Emetic; Immunostimulant;Parasiticide; Plasmodicide;

An antioxidant.
A
flavonoid that prevents oxidative inactivation of 15-lipoxygenase.

5.

Sinensetin

Fungicide, Pesticide

Antiadhesive action on platelet
 

6.

Scutellarine tetramethyl ethers

 

 

7.

Salvigenin

 

Relaxant

8.

7,3',4-tri-O-methylluteolin

 

 

9.

5-hydroxy-6, 7,3',4-tetramethoxyflavone

 

Possible use in reducing and preventing cardiovascular diseases and disorders

10.

Ladanein

 

 

11.

6-hydroxy-5, 7,4'-trimethoxyflavone

 

 

12.

2,3-dicoffeoyltartrate

 

 

13.

Rosmaric acid

 

Antiphlogistic, antiexudative, antiinflammatory, antiallergic, antioxidant

14.

2-caffeoyltartrate

 

 

15.

Terpenoids

 

*under investigation for antibacterial, antineoplastic

16.

Diterpene ester

 

 

17.

Orthosiphole A to E (diterpene dibenzoyl diacetyl ester of primarane type)

 

 

18.

Neoorthosiphol A and B

Antihypertensive

Treatment for hypertension

19.

Orthosiphole F to J

 

 

20.

Staminol A and B

 

 

21.

Norstaminol A

 

 

22.

Orthochromene A (benzochromene)

Antihypertensive

 

23.

Aglycone hederagenin (Triterpene saponins)

 

Sapogenin glycosides. A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycon moiety, and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methylpentose. Sapogenins are poisonous towards the lower forms of life and are powerful hemolytics when injected into the blood stream able to dissolve red blood cells at even extreme dilutions.

24.

Alpha-carotene

Antioxidant. Anti-carcinogenic.
#Anticancer (liver/lung/skin)

A carotenoid. Carotenoids are called "provitamin A" because the body can convert them into retinol, an active form of vitamin A.

Carotenoids can protect cells from the damaging effects of free radicals, provide a source of vitamin A, enhance the functioning of your immune system and your reproductive system function properly.

Cancer prevention, ten times more anti-carcinogenic/anti-proliferant than beta-carotene.

25.

Beta-carotene

#Allergenic; Androgenic?; AntiPMS; Antiacne; Antiaging; Antiasthmatic; Anticancer;Anticarcinomic; Anticoronary; Antihyperkeratotic; Antiichythyotic; Antileukoplakic; Antilupus; Antimastitic; Antimutagenic; Antioxidant; Antiozenic; Antiphotophobic; Antipityriasic; Antiporphyric; Antiproliferant; Antipsoriac; Antiradicular; Antistress; Antitumor; Antiulcer; Antixerophthalmic; Cancer-Preventive; Immunostimulant; Interferon-Synergist; Mucogenic; Phagocytotic; Prooxidant; Thymoprotective; Ubiquiot;

A carotenoid that is a precursor of VITAMIN A. It is administered to reduce the severity of photosensitivity reactions in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria (PORPHYRIA, ERYTHROPOIETIC). (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Engewood, CO, 1995.)
 

Claims that beta-carotene is effective as a sunscreen have not been proven. Although beta-carotene supplements are being studied for their ability to reduce the risk of certain types of cancer and possibly heart disease, there is not enough information to show that this is effective.

Believed to enhance the function of the immune system. Involved with growth & tissue repair.

26.

Crptoxanthin

Anticarcinogenic Agents, Antimutagenic

Prevent or reduce the development of cancer

27.

Beta-zeacarotene

Antioxidant

A carotenoid. Carotenoids are called "provitamin A" because the body can convert them into retinol, an active form of vitamin A.

28.

Neo-beta-carotene

Antioxidant

A carotenoid.

29.

Alpha-carotene oxide

 

 

30.

Vomifoliol

 

 

31.

Aurantiamide acetate

 

*A selective cathepsin inhibitor.

It has been tried giving a broad-spectrum cathepsin inhibitor to some cancerous mice and found that it slowed tumor development both in early and late stages of growth with no apparent side effects.

32.

Oleanolic acid

 

Abortifacient; Anti-HIV EC50=1.7 ug/ml; Anti-HIV
Antidiabetic

33.

Ursolic acid

#Analgesic; Anti-HIV EC50=2.0 ug/ml;
Anti-HIV IC50=6.5 ug/ml;
Anti-HIV IC85=18 ug/ml; AntiEBV; Antiarthritic; Anticariogenic;
Anticholestatic 28-100 mg/kg orl;
Antidiabetic; Antiedemic;
Antihepatotoxic 5-20 mg/kg ipr; Antihistaminic; Antihyperlipidemic; Antiinflammatory 1/3x indomethacin; Antiinflammatory IC24=500 mg/kg; Antileishmanic ED50=20 uM; Antileukemic; Antilymphomic; Antimutagenic; Antiobesity?; Antioxidant; Antiproliferative IC50=15-20 uM; Antistaphylococcic; Antitumor; Antitumor (Breast) 0.5% diet; Antitumor (Breast) IC50=15-20 uM; Antitumor (Colon); Antitumor (Lung); Antitumor (Stomach) IC50=15-20 uM; Antitumor-Promoter; Antiulcer; Antiviral IC85=18 ug/ml; Aromatase-Inhibitor; CNS-Depressant; Cancer-Preventive; Choleretic 5-20 mg/kg orl; Cytotoxic 50 ppm; ED50=3.75 ug/ml; Diuretic; Hepatoprotective; Hypoglycemic; Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor IC50=0.18 mM; Piscicide; Potassium-Sparing 3 mg/rat; Protease-Inhibitor IC85=18 ug/ml; Protisticide; Sodium-Sparing 3 mg/rat

 

34.

Betulinic acid

Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal,
Antimalarials
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Prostaglandin Antagonists
Anti-HIV Agents

 

 

35.

Beta-sitosterol

Antilipemic Agents

Substances used to treat HYPERLIPIDEMIA. (An excess of lipids in the blood).

Beta-sitosterol has possible activity in promoting prostate health. It also has cholesterol-lowering activity.

 

 

 

WARNING:-

Attention...All the informations,notices and testimonials that are advertised cannot be made as the most guidance(without referring to the doctors @ specialist in the field) for the motive of identification or treatment of any diseases.Please consult the accredited doctor  to determine the diseases and medications.All the testimonials that are posted,are self experiences from our customers whereas the others have not been tested.